Eye Diseases in Cats: Causes and Treatment

Enfermedades en los Ojos de los Gatos: Causas y Tratamiento

Waggyfriend, today we will learn about the fascinating world of eye health for our dear feline friends. Cats, with their captivating and expressive eyes, teach us a lot about the importance of maintaining healthy vision in our pets. That is why we will delve into the eye diseases that can affect cats, from the most common to the rarest, and provide useful tips to keep your cat's eyes in optimal condition. Get ready to discover everything you need to know to care for your furry companion's precious eyes.

What disease can cats get in their eyes?

Cats can suffer from a variety of eye diseases, some of which are similar to those that affect humans:

  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctivitis in cats is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, the conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections, allergies, foreign bodies in the eye or chemical irritants. Symptoms include redness, swelling, eye discharge, and discomfort.
  • Corneal ulcers: Ulcers in the cornea can result from injuries, infections, disorders of the surface of the eye, or systemic diseases. Symptoms include pain, redness, excessive tearing, and possibly cloudiness of the cornea.
  • Glaucoma: This is an eye disease characterized by increased pressure inside the eye, which can damage the optic nerve and cause vision loss if left untreated. Symptoms may include eye pain, redness, pupil dilation, blurred vision, and possibly vision loss.
  • Cataracts: Cataracts are opacities in the lens of the eye that can interfere with vision. They may be congenital or develop as a result of injury, aging, diabetes, or other eye diseases.
  • Prominent third eyelid gland (or "cherry eye"): This occurs when the third eyelid gland prolapses into the visible area of ​​the eye. It may be caused by irritation, infection, or congenital abnormalities.
  • Feline herpes virus: This is a common viral infection in cats that can affect the eyes, causing chronic conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers.
  • Eye trauma: Cats can injure their eyes due to fights, accidents, or injuries during play. This can cause anything from small abrasions to more serious injuries.

Causes of eye diseases in cats

  • Infections: Bacterial, viral and fungal infections can affect cats' eyes. These infections can be the result of exposure to pathogens in the environment, contact with other infected cats, or even secondary infections that develop as complications of other diseases. If you are interested in giving injections, follow the cat vaccine guide found on our website.
  • Injuries: Hyperactive cats often injure their eyes as a result of fights with other animals, accidents, scratches, bumps, or trauma during play. Eye injuries can range from minor corneal abrasions to more serious injuries that affect the structure of the eye.

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  • Allergies: Like humans, cats can also be allergic to certain environmental allergens, such as pollen, dust mites or chemicals. Allergic reactions can cause eye inflammation (allergic conjunctivitis) and other eye symptoms.
  • Systemic diseases: Some systemic diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and autoimmune diseases, can affect the eye health of cats. For example, uncontrolled diabetes can cause cataracts, while high blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina.
  • Congenital anomalies: Some cats may be born with congenital eye abnormalities that make them more susceptible to certain eye diseases throughout their lives.
  • Older age: Like humans, older cats are more likely to develop age-related eye diseases, such as cataracts and glaucoma.
  • Genetic factors: Some eye diseases, such as primary angle-closure glaucoma, have a genetic predisposition in certain breeds of cats.

How do I know if my cat has an eye problem? Symptoms

If you are concerned about your cat's eye health, it is important to pay attention to certain symptoms that could indicate a problem; Observe if your cat shows signs of eye discomfort or irritation, such as frequent scratching or rubbing of the eye area. Pay attention to any changes in the appearance of your eyes, such as redness, swelling, abnormal discharge, watery eyes, or dilated pupils. You should also watch for any changes in your cat's behavior, such as avoiding bright light, blinking frequently, or showing signs of pain when touched around the eyes. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is crucial to take your cat to the vet for a complete eye exam and an accurate diagnosis.

How to cure an eye infection in a cat?

  1. If you suspect your cat has an eye infection, it is essential to take him to the vet for a complete examination. The veterinarian will be able to determine the cause of the infection and recommend the appropriate treatment.
  2. If there is discharge around the eyes, you can gently wipe it with a sterile gauze or soft cloth moistened with warm water. It is important to use a different cloth or gauze for each eye to prevent the spread of infection. Maintain optimal grooming and hygiene for cats .
  3. Your veterinarian may prescribe specific eye drops or ointments to treat the infection. It is important to follow the veterinarian's instructions for proper administration of the medication.
  4. In some cases, especially if the infection is severe or has spread to other areas of the body, the veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics or other systemic medications to treat the infection.
  5. After starting treatment, it is important to follow up with your veterinarian as needed to ensure the infection is improving and adjust treatment if necessary.

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Home remedies for eye infections in cats

While it is important to consult a veterinarian for proper treatment for eye infections in cats, there are some home remedies that can provide temporary relief and complement medical treatment:

  • Saline flush: Prepare a mild saline solution by mixing a teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water. Use a sterile cotton ball or gauze to soak it in the solution and then gently wipe around your cat's affected eye. This can help remove discharge and keep the area clean. It is important to use fresh saline solution each time and not reuse the same cotton ball or gauze to avoid contamination.
  • Chamomile: Chamomile infusion may have anti-inflammatory and soothing properties that may be helpful for your cat's irritated eyes. Make a mild chamomile infusion using a chamomile tea bag or dried chamomile flowers in hot water. Let it cool completely and then soak a sterile cotton ball in the infusion. Gently clean around your cat's affected eye with the cotton ball. Make sure the infusion is completely cool before applying it to your eye.
  • Cold compresses: Cold compresses can help relieve inflammation and irritation in your cat's eyes. Soak a clean cloth in cold water and then squeeze out the excess water. Gently place the cold compress on your cat's affected eye for a few minutes. This can provide temporary relief and help reduce swelling and irritation.

How to prevent eye diseases in cats?

  • Keep their environment clean: Make sure to keep your cat's living area clean, including their resting area and litter tray. A clean environment can help prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses that could cause eye infections.
  • Eye Hygiene: Regularly clean your cat's eyes with a mild, sterile ophthalmic solution, especially if you notice discharge or dirt buildup around the eyes. Use a sterile cotton ball or gauze dipped in warm water to gently clean around the eyes, but make sure not to touch the eye directly.
  • Proper Nutrition: Provide your cat with a balanced and nutritious diet to promote their overall health, including eye health. Some cat foods are specifically formulated to maintain eye health, so consider choosing foods that contain nutrients like vitamin A and omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Parasite control: Keep your cat up to date with treatment for parasites, such as fleas and ticks, as some of these pests can transmit diseases that can affect your cat's eyes.


In summary, eye diseases in cats can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from infections and environmental irritants to genetic problems and systemic diseases. It is crucial to pay attention to signs of eye problems, such as redness, swelling, discharge, changes in behavior, and any other unusual symptoms. Early detection and appropriate treatment are essential to prevent serious complications and preserve your feline friend's eye health. Always consult a veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and a specific treatment plan to ensure your cat's well-being.

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