You may associate the name hemp with marijuana, since both come from the same cannabis sativa plant, but their chemical composition is very different.
Cannabis sativa contains different phytochemical compounds, such as flavonoids, terpenes, and cannabinoids. Among the most studied cannabinoids are THC and CBD.
Marijuana mostly contains THC, which, when in contact with the body, causes psychoactivity and addiction. Unlike hemp, which contains 99.7% CBD, which gives a feeling of relaxation, as well as having various medicinal properties such as analgesic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and as a neuroprotector.
But how can CBD have all these results in the body of our pets?
Believe it or not, we owe all this to its interaction with the endocannabinoid system, which all vertebrates have, with the exception of insects and protozoa.
In 1960 Dr. Mechoulam, trying to understand how cannabis interacted with the human brain, found specific receptors for cannabinoids inside neurons.
… If there are natural receptors for cannabinoids, then it is possible that there are natural cannabinoids or endocannabinoids in the body...
The endocannabinoid system develops alongside the nervous system at birth.
How does the endocannabinoid system work?
This system is an intercellular communication network based on neurotransmitters, which will tell other neurons when to release endocannabinoids to the organism.
Cannabinoids are generated from unsaturated fatty acids in the diet, or can be acquired exogenously through CBD.
Cannabinoids, whether endogenous or exogenous, act on different receptors such as CB1, CB2, TRPV-1 and GPR55, which are distributed throughout the body, which helps us to perform different functions aimed at maintaining a good balance and well-being in the body. organism.
By. Mariana Vera